It is a textbook of architectonic styles, with an abundance of sights; it is a city full of music, romance and nostalgia. In 1992, the historical core of the city, with an area of 866 hectares, was added to the List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage (UNESCO).
Prague is a city of unusual beauty. It is often called ‘The Golden City’, ‘City of a Hundred Spires’ or ‘Mother of Cities’. It forms a natural amphitheatre intersected by the Vltava river and is filled with thousands of years of artificial structures with aspirations higher than just meeting basic human needs.
Its favourable location in the heart of Europe makes it a confluence of trade routes, political interests and cultural influences.
Prague’s history was written by fire and sword, as well as pen, brush, chisel, carpenter’s axe and trowel. Upon the classification of its urban monuments, Prague, as a reference point, is often compared to Rome. This comparison is more than fitting, considering that neither city ages.
Historical Prague consists of six parts: Old Town, Jew Town (today’s Josefov), New Town, Lesser Town, Hradčany and Vyšehrad. These regions mostly formed during the eighteenth century.